THE NEW EDUCATION POLICY
“When we introduce technology, we must ensure that no child is left behind.”
The upgrade education policies have focused on the inclusion of technology in every other field. Summarising the plan focused on autonomous colleges, a dedicated unit for crafting digital infrastructures will be created within the Education Ministry to betterment online learning. On Wednesday, the New Education policy was approved and implemented effectively.
Here are some of the key points mentioned:
- 10+2 board structure is abolished: The new draft of National Education Policy 2019 (NEP) now uploaded on the HRD Ministry website. This envisages a “5+3+3+4” system of education, instead of the traditional 10+2 system.
- Division of classes: Under the new system, comprising school and pre-school education, the first five years would be the foundational stage (3 years of pre-primary school, followed by grades 1 and 2). After that, the preparatory phase (grades 3, 4, and 5) will be there. Then the middle stage (grades 6, 7, and 8) and then the secondary stage (grades 9, 10, 11, and 12) will be there.
According to the New education Policy Draft, “Each year of the Secondary Stage will be divided into two semesters, for a total of 8 semesters. Each student would take 5 to 6 subjects each semester. There will be some essential common subjects for all, while simultaneously, there will be great flexibility in selecting elective courses (including in the arts, vocational subjects, and physical education) so that all students can expand their horizons as they see fit and explore their individual interests and talents”. (Source: the quint news)
- Vocational courses available from 6th standard onwards: Students will be offered skill courses from class 6 onwards. By the time they reach class 11 or 12, they will have the necessary knowledge to make a flexible choice about their careers. The CBSE notification was addressed to the heads of all CBSE-affiliated schools and stated that CBSE schools can now begin skill courses in three different levels for students that is for classes 6 to 8 (9 courses), for classes 9 and 10 (18 courses), for classes 11 and 12 (37 courses). The vocational course will be short duration and would have only to spend 12 hours of teaching time on these courses.
- Multiple entries and exit from any course: Choice between 3 or 4-year undergraduate courses, multiple entries and exit options in degree courses, and discontinuation of the M.Phil program is outlined in NEP. The undergraduate degree will be of 4 years with multiple exit options within this period, with appropriate certifications. There will be a certificate after completing 1 year in a field, including vocational and professional areas, a diploma after 2 years of study, or a Bachelor’s degree after a 3-year program.
- Multi-Stream System: Flexibility to choose courses between any streams. The new system has offered all the subjects at two levels of proficiency.
- No weight on shoulders: School Students will have 10-bag fewer days in a year during which they are exposed to the vocation of choice.
- Degree from 3 years to 4 years: The total Duration of degree is now extended to 4 years, making it equal with the engineering the abroad degrees span.
- Major and Minor Courses: All graduation fields will provide the facility for multiple courses. For example, a Commerce student can have Economics as a major and Psychology as a minor.
- One Authority: The NEP also focused on the topic to implement one policy all over India.
- Merging of UGC and AICTE: UGC AND AICTE will be merged to provide astonishing results.
- Same Grading Rules: All the universities’ government, private, open, deemed, vocational will have one grading system.
- Autonomy: Based on its yearly rating grades of colleges will get the autonomous status.
- Exit and Entry from any course: If a student wishes to leave the college he/she/ can exit from the course at any time, and colleges will provide certificates.
- Certification: If a student completes two years of the degree, he/she will be provided with a diploma certificate. If the student completes one year, he/she will get a necessary certification.
- Single Authority: All the graduation courses will be governed by one sole authority for all the universities.
- Reduction Of Syllabus: The length of textbooks will be reduced and more practical aspects will be introduced.
- Promotion Of Indian Languages: Academics will implement 8 languages, books for subjects like Hindi and Sanksrit will also be available to the web.
- Technology use and Integration: To remain constant in the drastic changing educational field, the NEAT will maintain a regular flow of authentic data from multiple sources.
The New Education Policy narrates the policy for the betterment of India. But the problem of equity still runs around the corner and should be closed for permanent. The policy will be a boom for the Indian Education sector and will be beneficial for students. Compared with foreign education, the degree system will be of the same duration i.e, 4 years. Modifications such as Student loans should be narrated peculiarly. The counseling session should be arranged in schools and colleges that would directly benefit the students.
The focus should be also shifted on Sports, Dance, and other personal activities. More courses should be included in the syllabus. Families should not stress over the particular selection of streams. More Practical implementation should be done. The NEP is just the beginning someday, the Indian Education System will set out an example for the world.